- Intro to Energy (CDE Powerpoint Presentation, D. Esmaili) 56MB, ppt
- Energy Quest For Kids. (www.energyquest.ca.gov)
A green-collar worker is a worker who is employed in the environmental sectors of the economy, or in the agricultural sector. Environmental green-collar workers satisfy the demand for green development. Generally, they implement environmentally conscious design, policy, and technology to improve conservation and sustainability. Formal environmental regulations as well as informal social expectations are pushing many firms to seek professionals with expertise with environmental, energy efficiency, and clean renewable energy issues. They often seek to make their output more sustainable, and thus more favorable to public opinion, governmental regulation, and the Earth’s ecology.
Green collar workers include professionals such as conservation movement workers, environmental consultants, environmental or biological systems engineers, green building architects, holistic passive solar building designers, solar energy and wind energy engineers, nuclear engineers, green vehicle engineers, “green business” owners, green vehicle, organic farmers, environmental lawyers, ecology educators, and ecotechnology workers. They also include vocational or trade-level employment: electricians who install solar panels, plumbers who install solar water heaters, and construction workers who build energy-efficient green buildings, wind power farms, or other clean, renewable, sustainable future energy development workers could all be considered green jobs.
There is a growing movement to incorporate social responsibility within the green industries. A sustainable green economy simultaneously values the importance of natural resources and inclusive, equitable, and healthy opportunities for all communities.
Links for Green Careers and Labor Market Data:
- Technical Support to the California Green Jobs Council
- Occupational Information Network (O*Net)
- California’s Green Economy Report
- National Solar Jobs Census 2010
Wind power is the conversion of wind energy into a useful form, such as electricity, using wind turbines. At the end of 2007, worldwide nameplate capacity of wind-powered generators was 94.1 gigawatts. Although wind produces only about 1% of world-wide electricity use, it is growing rapidly, increasing more than fivefold globally between 2000 and 2007. In several countries it has achieved relatively high levels of penetration, accounting for approximately 19% of electricity production in Denmark, 9% in Spain and Portugal, and 6% in Germany and the Republic of Ireland in 2007.
- CEC: Wind Energy Generation
- Power of Wind
- Illustrated History of Wind Power
- NABCEP: Small Wind Exam Resouce Guide (PDF)
- Oregonian – Wind Power in NW PDF (1.5MB)
- GE Turbine Installation Video National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
- American Wind Energy Collaborative (AWEA) YouTube Channel
Solar and Photovoltaic Energy
Solar power technologies provide electrical generation by means of heat engines or photovoltaics. Once converted its uses are only limited by human ingenuity. A partial list of solar applications includes space heating and cooling through solar architecture, potable water via distillation and disinfection, daylighting, hot water, thermal energy for cooking, and high temperature process heat for industrial purposes.
Solar technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on the way they capture, convert and distribute sunlight. Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic panels, solar thermal collectors, with electrical or mechanical equipment, to convert sunlight into useful outputs. Passive solar techniques include orienting a building to the Sun, selecting materials with favorable thermal mass or light dispersing properties, and designing spaces that naturally circulate air.
- Creating a Brighter Future for Humanity Through Solar Energy – pdf (1MB)
- Commercial Market Development (Solar Conference 2006) – pdf (1.3MB)
- Energy Efficiency, Solar Energy and Climate Change – pdf (2.2MB)
- Integrating PV with EE for Large Scale Projects – pdf (1.1MB)
- California Solar Initiative Overview – pdf (65Kb)
- Solar on Track for PBI Net Metering & Backup Power – pdf (1.6MB)
- Solution to Silicon Shortage in the Global PV Market – pdf (1.7MB)
- The Regulatory Environment for Solar: California Solar Initiative (CSI) – pdf (272Kb)
- The Mechanics of the RECs Market – pdf (6.3MB)
- Solar Energy Technology Update: Current Perf & Future Tech Trends – pdf (1.8MB)
- San Diego Unified School District Photovoltaic System Presentation – pdf (1.2MB)
- Hybrid Solar Lighting Slideshow – pdf (232kB)
- Solar in New Home Construction ZENH and Multifamily Affordable Housing – pdf (109 kB)
- A Bright Future: Solar Energy Legislation – pdf (354kB)
- Solar Schools Program: California Energy Commission – pdf (4.8MB)
- Distributed Generation Solutions for Wineries and Vineyards – pdf (1.4MB)
- SunPower: San Diego Solar Conference 2006 – pdf (1.1MB)
- Solar 101 – “Not All Watts are Created Equal” – pdf (722kB)
- Leveling the Playing Field to Properly Value Solar – pdf (611kB)
- Solar Technician Training (Energy Engineers) – Silicon Valley Solar IDRC
- California Energy Solutions YouTube Channel – iTunes Includes Global Warming Discussion (5-part) and Solar Energy Industry Discussion (3-part).
- National American Board of Energy Practitioners (NABCEP)
- Institute for Sustainable Power (ISP)
- Solar Energy Industry Association (SEIA)
- California Solar Initiative
- Stirling Energy Systems Unveils Commercial Scale Plant. (Renewable Energy World.com) We get a first look at Stirling Energy Systems’ Maricopa Solar plant in Arizona and hear from Tessera Solar CEO Bob Lukefahr about the companies’ plans for future developments.
- Up Close and Personal with Stirling Energy’s CSP. Just outside Phoenix, Arizona sits a field of dishes reflecting the hot desert sun.
Geothermal power (from the Greek roots geo, meaning earth, and thermos, meaning heat) is energy generated from heat stored in the earth, or the collection of absorbed heat derived from underground. Prince Piero Ginori Conti tested the first geothermal generator on 4 July 1904, at the Larderello dry steam field in Italy. The largest group of geothermal power plants in the world is located at The Geysers, a geothermal field in California, United States. The Philippines and Iceland are the only countries to generate a significant percentage of their electricty from geothermal sources; in both countries 15-20% of power comes from geothermal plants. As of 2008, geothermal power supplies less than 1% of the world’s energy. The most common type of geothermal power plants (binary plants) are closed cycle operations and release essentially no GHG emissions; geothermal power is available 24 hours a day with average availabilities above 90% (compared to about 75% for coal plants).
- Geothermal Energy in California (CEC)
- Oil, Gas & Geothermal – Dept. of Conservation
- Geothermal Resources Council (www.geothermal.org)
- Geothermal – U.S. Bureau of Land Management
Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called energy efficiency, is using less energy to provide the same level of energy service. An example would be insulating a home to use less heating and cooling energy to achieve the same temperature. Another example would be installing fluorescent lights and/or skylights instead of incandescent lights to attain the same level of illumination. Efficient energy use is achieved primarily by means of a more efficient technology or process rather than by changes in individual behaviour.
Energy efficient buildings, industrial processes and transportation could reduce the world’s energy needs in 2050 by one third, and help controlling global emissions of greenhouse gases, according to the International Energy Agency.
Energy efficiency and renewable energy are said to be the “twin pillars” of sustainable energy policy.
Compressed/Liquid Natural Gas Vehicle Technology
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is a fossil fuel substitute for gasoline (petrol), diesel, or propane fuel. Although its combustion does produce greenhouse gases, it is a more environmentally clean alternative to those fuels, and it is much safer than other fuels in the event of a spill (natural gas is lighter than air, but disperses quickly when released).
CNG is used in traditional gasoline internal combustion engine cars that have been converted into bi-fuel vehicles (gasoline/CNG). In response to high fuel prices and environmental concerns, CNG is starting to be used also in light-duty passenger vehicles and pickup trucks, medium-duty delivery trucks, transit and school buses, and trains.
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) has been used as a clean burning alternative vehicle fuel in thousands of trucks, buses, waste collection trucks, and other vehicles in the United States for more than 15-years.
With the substantial growth of the LNG fuels industry around the world, the opportunity to utilize LNG as a clean and low-cost vehicle fuel in heavy-duty vehicle applications is tremendous.
- Alternative Fuels Program Curriculum Guide
- Alternative Fuels Vehicle Maintenance
- Natural Gas Vehicle Training – John Deere (Basic)
- Natural Gas Vehicle Training – John Deere (Advanced)
- CSA America, Inc. (www.csa-america.org)
- Consumer Energy Center: CNG
- CNG Now! (www.cngnow.com)
- National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium (http://www.naftc.wvu.edu/)
- iPhone App: Alternative Fueling Stations
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology
A Fuel cell vehicle or FC vehicle (FCV) is any vehicle that uses a fuel cell to produce its on-board motive power. Fuel cells onboard the FC hydrogen vehicles create electricity using hydrogen fuel and oxygen from the air.
- California Hydrogen Highway (http://www.hydrogenhighway.ca.gov)
- Hydrogen Business Council (CA) (www.californiahydrogen.org)
- Hydrogen Now (www.hydrogennow.org)
- Fuel Cells 2000 (www.fuelcells.org)
- National Hydrogen Association (www.hydrogenus.org)
- American Hydrogen Association (www.clean-air.org)
- International Association for Hydrogen Energy (www.iahe.org)
Clean Diesel and Biodiesel Technology
Diesel engines are cleaner than ever before, and in the next few years the diesel industry will virtually eliminate key emissions associated with on- and off-road diesel equipment. This environmental progress is the result of the new clean diesel system – combining clean diesel fuel, advanced engines and effective exhaust-control technology.
Biodiesel is the name of a clean burning alternative fuel, produced from domestic, renewable resources. Biodiesel contains no petroleum, but it can be blended at any level with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel blend. It can be used in compression-ignition (diesel) engines with little or no modifications. Biodiesel is simple to use, biodegradable, nontoxic, and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics.
- Southern California Biodiesel Users Group (www.socalbug.org)
- EPA Biodiesel Resources
- National Biodiesel Board (www.nbb.org)
Electric/Hybrid Vehicle Technology
An electric vehicle (EV) is a vehicle with one or more electric motors for propulsion. This is also referred to as an electric drive vehicle. The motion may be provided either by wheels or propellers driven by rotary motors, or in the case of tracked vehicles, by linear motors.
Unlike an internal combustion engine (ICE) that is tuned to specifically operate with a particular fuel such as gasoline or diesel, an electric drive vehicle needs electricity, which comes from sources such as batteries or a generator.
A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more distinct power sources to move the vehicle. The term most commonly refers to hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), which combine an internal combustion engine and one or more electric motors.
- Charging While You Work – A guide for expanding electric vehicle infrastructure at the workplace (Link)
- California Energy Solutions YouTube Channel – iTunes Includes discussion of Electric & Plug-In Hybrid vehicles.
- A Guide to Clean and Efficient Vehicle Technologies (www.driveclean.ca.gov)
- Electric Auto Association (EAA) (www.eaaev.org)
- A Student’s Guide to Alternative Fuel Vehicles
- All About Plug-In Hybrids (PHEVs) (www.calcars.org)
- Hybrid Vehicle – Wiki
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction (SMOG)
- Clean Car Talk (www.cleancartalk.com)
- Valley Clean Air Now (www.valley-can.org)
- Coalition for Clean Air (www.coalitionforcleanair.org)
- Southern California Air Quality Management District – iTunes Podcasts
- Union of Concerned Scientists (www.ucsusa.org)
- Natural Resources Defense Council (www.nrdc.org)
- Communities for a Better Environment (www.cbecal.org)
- Environment California (www.environmentcalifornia.org)
- United States Environmental Protection Agency (www.epa.gov)
- United States Department of Energy (www.doe.gov)
- United States Department of Agriculture (www.usda.gov)
- California Environmental Protection Agency (www.calepa.ca.gov)
- California Air Resources Board (www.arb.ca.gov)
- California Energy Commission (www.energy.ca.gov)
- California Department of Food and Agriculture (www.cdfa.ca.gov)
- South Coast Air Quality Management District (www.aqmd.gov)
- California Center for Sustainable Energy (http://energycenter.org)
Business and Industry Links